Kuressaare, like other cities of the ENSV, from the personal streets of the city, many years ago. In the last hundred years, it is considered good practice to avoid this kind of authenticity. However, a stranger in the capital of Saaremaa can still discover the name of a cultural figure here and there. In addition to the names of three well-known Estonian cultural life (A. Kitzberg, L. Koidula and J. Smuul), the memory of the so far physically non-existent Mierzejewski Street has been recorded in the street names of three less well-known men - M. Körber, A. Luts, and K. Ojassoo. Since the fall of 2003, 150 years since Anton Luts's birth, there is reason to introduce him.

This was a very versatile man - a schoolmaster, show leader, writer and photographer, in the word - as was said at the time - with a lagging singer.

The boyfriend Antoni Luts arrived in the village of Are in the village of Pöide, in the village of Lutsu. On 24th of December 1853 - 11.11.1897 (VKJ), Vello Paatsi, a school inspector, will give birthday on September 24th, in the Tornimäe old burial ground.

Since Paatsi has used metrics data, this date should be trusted, although the priest has mistakenly typed the name of the baby by typing the name "Aton" into the metric book. Confusion with the name was later. When Anton (i) Luts was originally used, after that, the author wrote "Anton Lutsu" on the newsletters and papers of this media. This variant of the name has been used more and is also cut to the tombstone.

The young man's educational path passed through the Tornimäe Orthodox Parish School and the Kuressaare School of Schools 'School in Riga, the Baltic Teachers' Seminar in Riga, which, after graduating in 1872, became a major folk teaching teacher to the mainland. It was only in October 1879 that A. Luts was in Kuressaare, where he soon became the soul of the local community of Estonia.

In his lifetime work, A. Luts from 1879 - 94 as a supervisor-teacher in the Parish Parish in Kuressaare, i.e. At the school, whose first flight (1868 - 70) was a graduate of his own. He taught general subjects and pedagogy, supervised the workshop and a practical pedagogical class, and did so eminently, that the school, which was located at the corner of the current A. Lutsu and Põik street (destroyed), was called Lutsu school among the people.

According to A. Luts's daughter Lydia Jürma, the schoolhouse was tripled. There were two large classrooms, a dining room, a teacher room, a reception room, a kitchen with a large sink and cooker and a pantry. There were five steps down the stairs to the second floor of the students' dormitories, the headquarters for the school principal apartment, which consisted of a large hallway, a towel, a living room and a bedroom. On the third floor was a workshop where Lutsu taught bindings and woodwork.

On September 6, 1894, "The Saarlian" writes about the evaluated teacher: "His office is the highest paid by Mr. Lutsu's son to this day. His care also included hand-crafted books at the school, such as the book binding, the work of the bookbinder and the carpenter's work. He was about to wake up with a young woman. She realized with her children who were waiting to be seen as the best dancer around her, through which she built a beautiful woolly base for all the names of the school she had called, many of whom have great thanks for her. "

Alongside the children's teaching, A. Lutsu laid the foundation for further education for Saaremaa schoolmasters. In the years 1882 - 83, five colleagues from Orthodox auxiliary schoolchildren held a meeting with colleague Mikhail Proos introducing newer teaching methods and better textbooks. Mrs R. Jakobson's scapegoat was considered to be the best in teaching children. In 1887 he also published a study book "The First Book of Russian for Estonians".

In Kuressaare, A. Lutsu soon found contact with local people of this time. As a general fact, he directed the first Estonian-language play "Mihkel and Liisa" in Salongclub's eatery in 1882, whose income went to the Saaremaa Assistance Committee of Alexandria. In 1886 Lutsu was the founder member of the Kuressaare Estonian Society. The school teacher Peeter Kozhevnikov describes the creation of the society as follows: "I do not remember exactly when, but when I got the statute from Imanta (the Estonian Society of Estonians - EP), we came back to Anton Luts's apartment, Luts School House, which building was no longer there. I remember: Anton Luts, Tehve Liiv, Friuli Bridge, Aleksander and Jüri Teckmann, Aleksei Schumann. Georg Markus, who lived in the countryside, had a letter saying that he could not come to the meeting, but he agreed and strongly supports our intentions We reviewed the statutes of "Imanta", making small adjustments, we also introduced the rules of procedure in the statute, and thus our statute became long, over 60 sections. "

The letters of request submitted for the approval of the statute were signed by P. Kozhevnikov and A. Lutsu. A few months later, a letter of permission from St Petersburg was obtained. A. Luts became the leader of the new company and one of the leading figures. Under his arm, several plays ended up on the scuffles, as well as the origin of "The Lucky Rider" (originally appeared in Viljandi in 1899). In 1891, Luts was already among the founder members of the Charlemagne Society, becoming its writer and one of the most important speakers. For a short time, he was active in the newspaper Saarlane.

In 1890, A. Lutsu entered into a new occupation - he advertises himself as a photographer. Having received a gift from Kuressaare, the apostolic Orthodox congregation, Lossi t. 8, he built a house designed for it in 1889 with the help of a pedigree, which put a photo studio on the second floor.

The studio was opened by A. Luts in December 1890. In newspaper advertisements, she calls herself a modest amateur using the experienced photographer hired by St. Petersburg. A daughter, L. Jürma, had been helped by some Germans who also taught her a photo work for her mother. The college classes in the studio, however, led to a warmer relationship between the two, which did not go unnoticed by my father. The story ended tragically - one morning, a photographer found an assistant in the Northwest Forest under the umbrella. Since then, Luts has made photographic work by himself in the field of school work, introducing this art to his students, including his relative, Feodor Lutsu, who later became a day signer.

A. Lutsu was married to Maria Särel (1863 - 1897). Unfortunately, family life was not happy. The family was overworked, nervous and jealous, for which the husband seemed to have given a reason. One ex-student wrote to his respected teacher in a post-hug: "Life had hit him with a lot of heavy wounds, the fate had led him to go through the paths of the occasional, to which the phenomenon, however, gave the person a reason for his life, once his heart was the most lovely."
Ultimately, this family broke up: the marriage was dissolved in 1897. After the death of the parents, home-made assets were sold at auction and the caretakers were appointed to children.

Luts had six children, of which twins born in 1890 in Larissa and Raissa died in a couple of weeks. Lydia (1886 - 1985) graduated from the Kuressaare girls' high school, worked at the end of the ceremony in Riga and St. Petersburg, later as a teacher at the Võru Women's School. He was a married merchant with Hans Jürim. Escaped to Germany in Germany during World War II and then to the USA. Suri Florida

Boris (1887 - 1956) graduated from the Kuressaare City School, studied at several Russian Naval Schools and graduated from St. Petersburg's Maritime Academy. Asus moved to the United States, where he served as a commanding officer in military ships. Suri Connecticut

Roman (1889 - 1955) graduated from the Kuressaare City School, studied forestry at Wardenburg and graduated from the Novgorod Forestry Institute. He worked as a forest manager in Romny and Odessa. Suri Odessa

Antonina (1891 - 1925), married to architect Eugene Haussmann.

As a result of the deepening of the train, A. Lutsu forced him to abandon the school board in 1894, but, as a result of his work, he continued working as a daylight. He died on November 11, 1897. According to Lydia Jürim, his father's honeycomb with great reverence for many spiritual and song choruses from the church to the old cemetery at Tornimäe, where former settlers later erected a gravestone.

The local newspaper "Saarlane" responded to the death of an acclaimed schoolmaster only at the end of January next year, bringing about a lengthy follow-up. Kuressaare folk characters and townsmen, however, respected A. Luts' memory a few decades later, giving in 1930 the name of a celtic cultural figure to the streets leading to his former school building on Loss Street.

ENDEL FISH,
Saaremaa Museum