The first Soviet Occupation Year brought the Red Terror to Estonia, culminating in massacres in Tartu, Viljandi, Kuressaare, Pirita Kosel, Sõrve Peninsula in the village of Iide and in many places elsewhere on the war war of 1941.


In Saaremaa, there were loose rumors about the disappearance of people and the loss of life long before the capture of Kuressaare by the Germans. It was also announced that prisoners held in the castle squad under the Russian military and fierce shooting at night were being shot.


Already on September 21, when the Soviet forces left the city, a search was started in the castle's yard. The next day, a common feast was discovered from the sports field located in the courtyard with a four-maned chapel and a little further away from the woman's grave. Three murderers were found in the vicinity of the Idabastion.


Next, a joint feast was discovered on the cellar of the Püssirohutorni cell, from which, on 25 September, 31 dead bodies were brought out of the thin soil layer. As a result of further searches, on 29 September, a joint board with 29 cells was found on the current hunting club, the cellar of the same commissariat committee and a single shot near the old park wall.

On September 30, the current hotel in the "Lossi" garden was excavated in a joint hall with five palaces, one assassinated from the same tree ward. On May 19, 1942, a joint feast with 7 coffins was discovered in the Kudjape Cemetery and two-storey cemetery behind the garden. On June 2 of the same year, another cabin was found in the cemetery. So, according to the newspaper "Meie Maa", eleven of Kuressaare's joint and unitary murders totaled 90 murders (87 men and 3 women).


Most of the dead bodies found were known by their own. To date, 84 people have been identified in death in 90 castles' houses. Among those who did not know were two Latvian sailors and a German soldier.


The local undergraduate doctor, Albert Tilk, was arrested as an expert by the expert, whose extracts were taken from the expert reports of September 18, 1943, "Our Maas". It turns out that the head of all of the wallpapers had their hands tied behind the back of the string (the remembrance of the people on the excavations with the barbed wire). The cause of death is the 10 to 20 cm distance between the knee jaws. Some were shot dead, one victim found in the Kudjape cemetery, former Laimjala mayor Joosep Tumma was buried alive. The newspaper overview does not allow conclusions about torture, but many people were assassinated with torture traces.


That's how Kaarel Tammel had his eyes pierced and chest stomachs, Gustav Truuverg's hands were hot in hot water, Annette Koti was cut off one breast, and Fusts cut and escaped Gustav Augat was so badly beaten that the shirt had to be soaked from the bleached back, Arseen Kesküla was when interrogated, pulled up by the hair, so that the scalp has come out.


Blood traces of the blood cassette found at detention centers and the current archive library, which were later exhibited in the castle, also referred to torture. Jaan Kalt, an interpreter of the tribunal, who was accused of having been beaten before the hearing, was also accused of violence by prisoners. This could have been deduced from the injuries, stains, bruises and scratches of prisoners' faces and hands.


Why, who against whom did this massacre?


There are no reports of arrests in Saaremaa until the outbreak of the war. Regarding the establishment of the state of war on June 22, 1941, the repression policy was amplified several times. The potential enemy was seen in each.


On July 2, the "Island Voice" called on the people: "Take a close look at what's going on around you and report suspicious things to militiamen, Interior Affairs, National Security Commissioners, or Red Army soldiers."


Invited to uncover thistle. If you started, pay what you pay, the so-called. Fabricating, searching for and spoiling spies and bandits.


The main reasons why people came to the research and penitentiary bodies were people's belonging to the Defense Forces or the Patriotic Union, sharp language, provocations, personal hatred, misconduct, etc. For the Defense and Dadic League members, the county military commissariat wrote to its superiors in their presentation that they had taken a course towards the resurrection.


Here are a few examples. Commander of the Coast Guard Department of the Baltic Region Senior Police Chief MP Pavlovsky seized a white shirt plow close to the Kogula airport, whose treadmills rode towards the airport's fuel storage. Therefore, a clear signal to German aircraft.


The guy in the village, Gustav Auga, was arrested for being a member of the Defense League. Kingdress Dmitri Juhtund was serving a Russian officer who was not willing to pay the price for booty due to the death penalty. Mart Kok, who lived in the village of Mäeb, received a fateful observation of planes from the roof of the house, while the "signaling device" - a pinch-picker found from his pocket as an aggravating circumstance.


The men of Kaarel Tammel and Juhan Lõhmus were arrested in the hands of the Kärla municipality because of the fearsome repression of the wicked brethren in the woods. The perceptions of the blades were tested by provocateurs. Martin and Peeter Perens, Johan Koppel and Johannes Tael were shot dead in the castle yard in the event of a "suspicious" failure. Seamen Viktor Pao and Arnold Flag were assassinated because they shot a blue-black-and-white signal at the sea in the last bout of a German plane that hit their ship.


So far, we have not succeeded in finding any archival material that reflects blood flow in Kuressaare. They did not find investigators at the Public Prosecutor's Office during the investigation carried out between 1988 and 1990. Both the naval central archives of Leningrad and the naval archives of Gatchina were informed of the lack of materials. This is also logical, since in the memoirs and studies dedicated to the protection of islands there are several tips for burning documents. Due to the lack of evidence, or the lack of a criminal offense, the Prosecutor's Office closed the criminal proceedings on March 31, 1990.


However, the testimony of witnesses, personal memories, and memorabilia of those who are going to be out there, may be somehow clear about this terrible crime. Handcrafted by human beings, soldiers, militia and security personnel, and the destruction battalion.


Mikhail Pavlovsky, the commander of the special department of the Baltic Coastal Special Protection Department, reminds her memoir, Na Ostrovahh, that during the first three days of the war he did not once again withdraw Lieutenant Ivan Grjadunov out of the staff, organizing there rabies-fighting diversists. All of their department's activities were aimed at fighting spies, bandes, snipers and profassional elements.


The Commander of the Regional Security Department, who worked hand in hand with M. Pavlovsky, wrote in the book "On Defending the Caucasian Islands" with satisfaction: "In their publications, the occupiers shouted that there was no bandit riot in Saaremaa, so that attempts to create them were unsuccessful. That was right. Such attempts were thrown into eos ..." and adds in the book No Third Road: "At the same time, some of the bandits who had been scuttling into the forest became more active." The vigorous actions of the state security, militia personnel and the destruction battalion units were eradicated quickly. " After V. Riis, Aleksandr Shustov, Viktor Tsõmbal, Georgy Labo and Alekyev Morev worked at the Security Department at the Security Department.


The security of the Tagalon was also assumed by three members of the Saare County Defense Committee, EC (b) P, First Secretary of the Saaremaa Committee Aleksander Mui, Joann Ellam and V. Riis, Chairman of the Saare County Executive Committee, Aleksander Mui. It can not be denied that the then powerful powers of Saaremaa were praised for understanding and helpful attitude of Soviet soldiers in several commemorative books.


The carriers are remembered by militiamen and black marines. If the names of the marines were kept secret, then Johannes Mets, the commander of the division, and the militia Sergei Lääts, Felix and Vello Sannik, Herbert Tüür and Bernhard Koost became more militarily. They were reportedly taken to a Kuressaare prison, but they were also kept in the premises of the winery "Osilia" located in the castle yard, in the current hotel "Lossi" and in the opposite building.



Saaremaa Museum