Transport and telecommunications PDF Prindi



The further development of transport systems is a matter of high importance for Saaremaa due to the advantageous geographical location of the island. Sea and air transport are the most important for the island. Constructing new transport gateway and reconstructing the existing ones contributes to the role of Saaremaa in the economic environment and to the transport scheme of the Baltic Sea region.

The coastline of the county is 1,200 km long and accommodates 15 ports suitable for receiving seagoing vessels, including 5 ports with the depth of 4 - 6 m: Roomassaare, Kuivastu, Triigi, Mхntu, Veere and smaller yacht harbours with the depth greater than 2.5 m are in Kuressaare, Nasva, Orissaare and Kхiguste. Customs services are provided in five ports: Roomassaare, Kuressaare, Veere, Kuivastu and Nasva.

In addition, there are a number of small harbour places, suitable for small fishing boats and sailing boats. The ports and harbours are located in the areas with good level road connection, surrounding land for further development and often in the vicinity of a potential recreation area.

Between Virtsu Port on the mainland and Kuivastu Port on the island of Muhu, Ro - Ro ferries sail. A crossing takes 30 minutes and from Kuivastu it is 76 km to Kuressaare.

Saaremaa is located near international shipping routes which the creation of a proper port would enable the island to increase the reception of cruisers and yachts and encourage the development of tax - free trading. Estonia has started negotiations with the EU for prolonging the period of tax - free trading here.

A new deep - water port (8 - 10 m of depth) has been planned for the Western coast of Saaremaa. When built, it can be truly called the West Port of Estonia. Also the introduction of several new boat connections to neighbouring countries has been planned.

"TS Laevad" ferries to Saaremaa http://www.praamid.ee

Kuressaare Airport has a certificate for international flights. There are two newly reconstructed runways with the lengths of 1,500 m and 800 m that allow planes with the weight up to 40 t to land. The airport operates daily, regular flights take place to Tallinn and the island of Ruhnu. Also chartered flights are available. Customs services are provided.

Kuressaare Airport: http://www.kuressaare-airport.ee/

The road network is well developed and covers the whole county. On weekdays there are 9 buses a day to Tallinn, 2 buses via Pдrnu and Viljandi to Tartu. The total length of the roads is 3,158.4 km, including 1,088.4 km of state - owned and 2,070 km of municipal or privately owned roads. 516.3 km of the roads are asphalt paved and 572.2 km are gravel paved.

Currently, studies are being carried out for establishing a fixed link to the mainland. The planned fixed link together with the deepwater port would connect Saaremaa to the mainland on the one hand and to the Baltic countries on the other hand.

The development of telecommunications has been extremely rapid in recent years. 

As of 1 July 1999, the digital network covers Kuressaare, Orissaare, Valjala, Kihelkonna, Kärla, Aste and the enlargement of the digitalised area is continuing. In all these areas ISDN connections are possible.

Connections outside Saaremaa County operate via the fibre optic cable that guarantees the building of data communication connections for connecting computer networks or the Internet fixed connection without limits. Practically the whole county is covered with personal communications networks in which both NMT and GSM systems are in use. There are three operators in the territory of the county currently.





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